Legislation can have many purposes: to regulate, to authorize, to proscribe, to provide (funds), to sanction, to grant, to declare or to restrict. The most common forms of legislation IOGCC concerns itself with are resolutions, bills and statutes.

Resolutions: The “official expression of the opinion or will of a legislative body.” Resolutions can be issued by federal, state, and interstate forms of government.  Other entities, such as associations and nonprofit entities comprised of regulatory officials, will issue resolutions to demonstrate policy positions. In the case of the IOGCC, resolutions are issued as an interstate form of government.

IOGCC Resolutions: IOGCC Resolutions represent the collective voice of the governors of the member and associate member states of the IOGCC.  IOGCC resolutions reflect the official position of the commission on issues that are deemed critical to conserving domestic oil and natural gas, environmental protection and human health.

Bills: Before an item of legislation becomes law it is known as a “bill.” Bills are offered before legislative bodies for debate. An “appropriations bill” authorizes government expenditures; an “engrossed bill” is ready for final passage or passed by one house of the legislature; an “enrolled bill” is passed by both houses of the legislature; a “revenue bill” levies or raises taxes; “house” and “senate” bills are bills under consideration by their respective entities, while “joint” bills are sponsored by both entities.

Statutes: A “statute” is a formal written enactment or of a legislative body or “law.” Additionally, legislation generates: (1) Committee hearings, reports, documents and committee prints; (2) Floor Debates; and (3) Separately bound legislative histories. (Black’s 1990)

IOGCC Resolutions

Resolution 08.115

IOGCC Resolution 08.115 Requesting Funding for the Reclamation of Orphaned Well Sites

In October 2006, the IOGCC passed resolution 08.115 requesting funding for reclamation of orphaned well sites. The resolution was reauthorized and approved on November 18, 2008. The resolution supports Congressional actions that facilitate the plugging reclamation of orphaned and abandoned orphan well sites and urges Congress to provide necessary funds for the reclamation of orphaned well sites.

Federal Legislation

Section 349 Energy Policy Act of 2005

Section 349 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT) provides for the establishment of a program to provide technical and financial assistance to oil and gas producing states to facilitate remediation of environmental problems caused by orphaned or abandoned oil and gas exploration or production well sites on state or private land.