Legislation

Legislation can have many purposes: to regulate, to authorize, to proscribe, to provide (funds), to sanction, to grant, to declare or to restrict. The most common forms of legislation IOGCC concerns itself with are resolutions, bills and statutes.

Resolutions: The “official expression of the opinion or will of a legislative body.” Resolutions can be issued by federal, state, and interstate forms of government.  Other entities, such as associations and nonprofit entities comprised of regulatory officials, will issue resolutions to demonstrate policy positions. In the case of the IOGCC, resolutions are issued as an interstate form of government.

IOGCC Resolutions: IOGCC Resolutions represent the collective voice of the governors of the member and associate member states of the IOGCC.  IOGCC resolutions reflect the official position of the commission on issues that are deemed critical to conserving domestic oil and natural gas, environmental protection and human health.

The IOGCC Resolutions Committee is an operational committee of the IOGCC authorized by the by-laws of the Commission. The Chairmen and other members of the Resolutions Committee are appointed by the IOGCC Chairman and restricted to official representatives. The Resolutions Committee meets at each Midyear and Annual Meeting and recommends resolutions, action plans for those resolutions and statements of policy. Action plans are often carried out by an IOGCC committee or work group.

Bills: Before an item of legislation becomes law it is known as a “bill.” Bills are offered before legislative bodies for debate. An “appropriations bill” authorizes government expenditures; an “engrossed bill” is ready for final passage or passed by one house of the legislature; an “enrolled bill” is passed by both houses of the legislature; a “revenue bill” levies or raises taxes; “house” and “senate” bills are bills under consideration by their respective entities, while “joint” bills are sponsored by both entities.

Statutes: A “statute” is a formal written enactment or of a legislative body or “law.” Additionally, legislation generates: (1) Committee hearings, reports, documents and committee prints; (2) Floor Debates; and (3) Separately bound legislative histories. (Black’s 1990)

Individual Canadian Province/Territory Legislation

Alberta, Canada

Alberta has not yet enacted specific legislation or promulgated regulations pertaining to the geologic storage of CO2. The plan is to have specific legislation drafted for consideration in the fall. Regulations will be developed thereafter. On June 29, 2010 the Alberta Energy Resources Conservation Board issued Bulletin 22-2010  informing readers of the existing processes in place for applications for the development and operation of carbon capture and storage and acid gas injection projects in Alberta.

Saskatchewan, Canada

B I L L No. 126 An Act respecting the Management and Reduction of Greenhouse Gases and Adaptation to Climate Change, received Royal Assent in 2010, but has not yet been proclaimed, pending the approval of the accompanying regulations, which are under development. (Updated November 2010).

Individual State Legislation

Indiana

Indiana has not yet enacted legislation or promulgated regulations pertaining to the geologic storage of CO2.

Ohio

Download .pdfs of full legislation below.

Iowa

Download .pdfs of full legislation below

Michigan

Michigan has not yet enacted legislation or promulgated regulations pertaining to the geologic storage of CO2.  In 2009, two CO2 geologic storage bills were informally circulated, one of which was significantly influenced by the IOGCC model legislation.  However, no legislation was passed.  A CO2 geologic storage bill may be introduced in 2010.

Wyoming

Download .pdfs of full legislation below. Wyoming's CCGS rules and regulations can be found here.

West Virginia

At the Governor’s request the legislature in 2009 took up

Washington

Download .pdfs of full legislation below.

Utah

Download .pdfs of full legislation below.

Texas

Download .pdfs of full legislation below.Texas' draft CCGS rules and regulations can be found

Oklahoma

Download .pdfs of full legislation below. Oklahoma's CCGS rules and regulations can be found here.

North Dakota

Download .pdfs of full legislation below.

New Mexico

Download .pdfs of full legislation below.

Louisiana

Download .pdfs of full legislation below.

Montana

Download .pdfs of full legislation below.

Kansas

Download .pdfs of full legislation below.

Illinois

Download .pdfs of full legislation below.

California

Download .pdfs of full legislation below.

IOGCC Resolutions

Resolution 09.107

Resolution 09.107 Supporting State Regulation of all Forms of CO2 Geological Storage

In October 2009, IOGCC member states passed Resolution 09.107 resolving to encourage States, in conjunction with federal initiatives, to develop and adopt safe and environmentally sound regulatory frameworks for all forms of geologic storage of CO2 as a catalyst for industry to move forward with associated infrastructure and project development.

Resolution 08.113

Resolution 08.113 Continuing Policy on the Issue of Carbon Storage in Underground Geologic Formation


Resolution 08.113 was first passed by the IOGCC in October 2004 and has been reauthorized twice, most recently on November 18, 2008. As part of the resolution's action steps, the IOGCC Carbon Capture and Geological Storage (CCGS) Task Force prepared model regulatory guidelines concerning geologic storage to assist member states in regulating the injection and underground storage of CO2.